Table 2

Completeness of the STRICTA checklist for the included trials

StudyAcupuncture rationaleNeedling detailsTreatment regimenCointerventionsPractitioner backgroundControl intervention
Berman et al 43 YesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Berman et al 44 YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoYesNoYesYesNo
Manheimer et al 45
Bernateck et al 46 YesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNoYesYesYes
Dong et al 47 YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Fu and Zhang48 YesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Fu and Li49 YesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Hinman et al 50 YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYesNoNoYesNoYesNoNo
Itoh et al 51 YesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNoYesNoNo
Lansdown et al 52 YesYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesNoNo
Mavrommatis et al 53 YesYesYesYesNoNoYesNoYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYes
Saleki et al 54 YesYesNoYesNoYesNoNoYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYes
Sangdee et al 55 YesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYes
Tukmachi et al 56 YesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Williamson et al 57 YesYesNoYesNoNoYesNoYesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNo
Witt et al 58 YesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesYes
Witt et al 59 YesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesYes
Christensen et al 60 YesYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
Ng et al 61 YesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYes
  • 1a, style of acupuncture; 1b, rationale for treatment (eg, syndrome patterns, segmental levels, trigger points) and individualisation if used; 1c, literature sources to justify rationale; 2a, points used (unilateral/bilateral); 2b, numbers of needles inserted; 2c, depths of insertion (eg, cun or tissue level); 2d, responses elicited (eg, de qi or twitch response); 2e, needle stimulation (eg, manual or electrical); 2f, needle retention time; 2g, needle type (gauge, length, and manufacturer or material); 3a, number of treatment sessions; 3b, frequency of treatment; 4a, other interventions (eg, moxibustion, cupping, herbs, exercises, lifestyle advice); 4b, setting and context of treatment, including instructions to practitioners, and information and explanations to patients; 5a, duration of relevant training; 5b, length of clinical experience; 5c, expertise in specific condition; 6a, intended effect of control intervention and its appropriateness to research question and, if appropriate, blinding of participants (eg, active comparison, minimally active penetrating or non-penetrating sham, inert); 6b, explanations given to patients of treatment and control interventions, details of control intervention (precise description, as for item 2 above, and other items if different); 6c, sources that justify choice of control; No, no details report; STRICTA, Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture; Yes, details reported.