Statistics from Altmetric.com
Clinical effectiveness trials
Pain of dental anaesthetic injection
Crossover randomised controlled trial (RCT) (n=49).
Children scheduled for dental treatment using local anaesthesia received bilateral acupuncture at LI4 using indwelling fixed needles (Pyonex, 1.5 mm long, 0.2 mm diameter). This was started 5 min before the standardised anaesthetic procedure; the parents stimulated the needles by massage throughout. In repeat visits to the dentist, children were crossed over between acupuncture and no acupuncture.
Pain intensity during local anaesthetic injection, assessed by the patient with the Verbal Rating Scale, or Faces Pain Scale (0–10) for younger children, was the primary endpoint. Parent- and dentist-assessed pain intensity and heart rate were also recorded.
From 72 children, 49 completed the study but the dropout rate was not related to acupuncture. As shown in figure 1, children reported less pain when acupuncture was used (p<0.001). Their heart rate was also lower. The differences in pain scored by parents and dentists were not significant.
This seems a simple and useful procedure, reducing the experience of pain by 41%.
Third stage of labour
Sham-controlled RCT (n=76).
One hundred and twenty women who had just had a normal spontaneous birth with epidural anaesthesia were included in a single-blind randomised trial. Women were randomly assigned to receive true or sham acupuncture immediately after the cord was clamped. Controlled cord traction was not used.
In the first group, a single needle …
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.