Article Text


A statistical comparison of repeatability in three commonly used bioelectronic devices: Kirlian photography, the segmental electrogram, and the AMI of Motoyama
  1. Julian Jessel-Kenyon,
  2. Lucia Pfeiffer,
  3. Martin Brenton
  1. The Centre for the Study of, Complementary Medicine, 51 Bedford Place, Southampton S015 2DT(UK)


This paper describes the results of measurements made on 30 patients, tested at the same time of day on consecutive days, with each of three commonly used bioelectronic diagnostic devices. The repeatability of these measurements was compared statistically, using a method known as the coefficient of variation. The most repeatable technique was the AMI of Motoyama. Kirlian photography and the segmental electrogram showed widely varying results, which casts doubt upon their validity as bioelectronic investigational devices.

Statistics from

Request Permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.