Table 1

Baseline characteristics.

Patient characteristicsAcupuncture (n=210)Sham acupuncture (n=98)Rescue medication (n=106)Total (n=414)
Age, mean, years (SD)33.4(7.5)33.0(8.3)32.2(8.1)33.0(7.8)
Sex, female, No. (%)130(62)63(64)55(52)248(60)
Socioeconomic status, No. (%)
 Lower2612151514135513
 Middle91(43)41(42)39(37)171(41)
 Upper93(44)42(43)53(50)188(45)
Recruitment region, No. (%)
 Bavaria71(34)35(36)39(37)145(35)
 Berlin/Brandenburg121(58)54(55)58(55)233(56)
 North Rhine-Westphalia42222282
 Saxony1477777287
RQoL, mean (SD)2.7(1.2)2.3(1.1)2.5(1.2)2.5(1.2)
VAS score, mean (SD)48.9(26.5)43.6(26.1)44.2(26.5)46.5(26.5)
Days of use relative to all patients, mean (SD)
 Nasal preparations4.3122.7(10.1)1.8(5.1)3.3(10.2)
 Anti-obstructive drugs1.6(5.8)1.0(3.6)0.9(3.1)1.3(4.8)
 Antihistamines9.8(16.2)10.1(16.2)8.3(13.7)9.5(15.6)
Actual users, No. (%)
 Nasal preparations52(25)171718178721
 Anti-obstructive drugs271312121094912
 Antihistamines120(57)50(51)52(49)222(54)
Days of use relative to actual users, mean (SD)
 Nasal preparations17.4(18.9)15.6(20.2)10.8(7.7)15.7(17.5)
 Anti-obstructive drugs12.8(11.1)8.1(7.3)9.1(5.6)10.9(9.5)
 Antihistamines17.1(18.3)19.8(18.1)16.9(15.4)17.6(17.6)
  • RQoL, rhinitis-specific quality of life; SES, socioeconomic status; VAS, visual analogue scale.