Table 2

Outcome measures by group and time point

VariablesGroupNWeek 0Week 4Week 8Week 20p Value (CR vs. IMR at week 20)
MBIIMR6040.1 (14.7)51.1 (16.2)64.8 (16.8)74.3 (17.8)*0.04
CR6042.7 (19.9)50.6 (20.0)60.6 (19.8)67.1 (20.0)
NIHSSIMR609.7 (3.4)7.9 (3.4)5.6 (3.2)3.1 (2.3)**0.001
CR6010.3 (3.7)8.3 (3.8)6.4 (3.7)5.0 (3.4)
FMAIMR6041.3 (14.9)55.5 (17.9)68.2 (18.4)76.2 (17.5)*0.035
CR6044.6 (18.1)52.7 (18.0)62.3 (18.5)69.1 (18.8)
MMSEIMR2016.1 (2.1)18.3 (2.3)20.0 (1.9)22.3 (1.9)0.266
CR1916.4 (4.3)17.6 (3.9)19.6 (3.7)21.2 (3.8)
MoCAIMR2015.1 (3.1)16.3 (3.0)19.1 (2.8)21.6 (3.0)**0.006
CR1914.1 (2.8)15.1 (2.9)17.2 (3.3)18.8 (3.1)
HAMDIMR2223.5 (6.6)19.8 (6.7)16.4 (6.1)10.6 (5.1)*0.014
CR1823.7 (6.6)20.6 (6.8)17.9 (6.8)14.9 (5.4)
SDSIMR2263.1 (8.1)56.6 (10.9)50.2 (9.1)40.9 (8.7)**0.007
CR1864.6 (6.5)60.1 (9.4)55.7 (10.7)48.9 (8.9)
  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01 compared with the CR group. Groups were compared using Student’s independent samples t test.

  • Results are shown as mean (SD).

  • CR, conventional rehabilitation; FMA, Fugl-Meyer Assessment; HAMD, Hamilton’s Depression Scale; IMR, integrative medicine rehabilitation; MBI, Modified Bathel Index; MMSE, the Mini-Mental State Examination; MoCA, Montreal Cognitive Assessment; NIHSS, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; SDS, Self-Rating Depression Scale.