Table 1

Baseline characteristics

CharacteristicsIMR
(n=60)
CR
(n=60)
p Value
Male, gender, n (%)31 (51.7%)34 (56.7%)0.583
Age, years, mean (SD)66.3 (12.4)65.7 (12.2)0.802
History of stroke, mean (SD)34.4 (2.7)34.6 (2.9)0.766
Education level (years)*0.246
 0–5, n (%)10 (16.7%)16 (26.7%)
 >5–8, n (%)22 (36.7%)24 (40.0%)
 >8, n (%)28 (46.7%)20 (33.3%)
Laterality of hemiparesis0.713
 Left, n (%)33 (55.0%)35 (58.3%)
 Right, n (%)27 (45.0%)25 (41.7%)
Vascular risk factors
 Hypercholesterolaemia, n (%)36 (60.0%)37 (61.7%)0.852
 Hypertension, n (%)36 (60.0%)39 (65.0%)0.572
 Diabetes mellitus, n (%)21 (35.0%)14 (23.3%)0.160
Syndrome differentiation†0.381
 Type 1, n (%)15 (25.0%)15 (25.0%)
 Type 2, n (%)12 (20.0%)12 (20.0%)
 Type 3, n (%)16 (26.7%)23 (38.3%)
 Type 4, n (%)17 (28.3%)10 (16.7%)
Cognitive impairment, n (%)20 (33.3%)19 (31.7%)0.845
PSD, n (%)22 (36.7%)18 (30.0%)0.439
MBI, mean (SD)40.0 (14.7)42.7 (19.9)0.420
NIHSS, mean (SD)9.7 (3.4)10.3 (3.7)0.400
FMA, mean (SD)41.3 (14.9)44.6 (18.1)0.286
MMSE, mean (SD)16.1 (2.0)16.4 (4.3)0.766
MoCA, mean (SD)15.1 (3.01)14.1 (2.8)0.317
HAMD, mean (SD)23.5 (6.6)23.7 (6.6)0.916
SDS, mean (SD)63.1 (8.1)64.6 (6.5)0.528
  • *Education level; 0–5, elementary school; >5–8, middle school; >8, above middle school.

  • †See online supplementary table 1.

  • CR, conventional rehabilitation; FMA, Fugl-Meyer Assessment; HAMD, Hamilton’s Depression Scale; IMR, integrative medicine rehabilitation; MBI, Modified Bathel Index; MMSE, the Mini-Mental State Examination; MoCA, Montreal Cognitive Assessment; NIHSS, the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale; PSD, post-stroke depression; SDS, Self-Rating Depression Scale.