Table 2

Comparison of manipulation cycles and dispersions for ‘lifting-thrusting’ method

Mild reinforcing-attenuatingReinforcingAttenuating
Students
(n=60)
Teachers
(n=30)
Students
(n=60)
Teachers
(n=30)
Students
(n=60)
Teachers
(n=30)
T1(s)0.704±0.4420.567±0.2181.449±0.5121.478±0.4980.584±0.3370.472±0.221
T2(s)0.798±0.411*0.612±0.2450.786±0.4280.718±0.2891.382±0.5131.278±0.387
T1 dispersions0.115±0.1030.107±0.0660.218±0.1350.298±0.1440.158±0.1180.127±0.119
T2 dispersions0.129±0.1140.083±0.0360.176±0.1370.177±0.0850.282±0.3190.267±0.206
Curve crest dispersions0.005±0.0020.005±0.0030.0062±0.00330.0067±0.00470.0027±0.0016*0.0011±0.0006
Curve trough dispersions0.003±0.0020.004±0.0030.003±0.0028*0.0017±0.00090.0067±0.00480.0076±0.0041
  • All the manipulation cycles and dispersions were based on the data of the ‘thumb right’ (TR) coordinate curve of the Y axis.

  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01.