Table 2

Relative differences in total crying duration and time spent fussing, crying and colicky crying

 Relative difference (%) by Kruskal-Wallis H testRelative difference (%) by Mann-Whitney U test
BL—IW1
ABCA+BC
n=49n=49n=49p Valuen=98n=49p Value
Fussing20 (−102–70)*24 (−41–100)†11 (−100–85)‡0.20223 (−102–100)§11 (−100–85)‡0.089
Crying23 (−6950–83)29 (−132–82)18 (−347–84)0.47827 (−6950–83)18 (−347–84)0.233
Colicky crying60 (−158–100)*52 (−431–100)†43 (−227–100)‡0.64753 (−431–100)§43 (−227–100)‡0.427
TC27 (−83–65)25 (−29–68)22 (−26–57)0.21127 (−83–68)22 (−26–57)0.081
 BL—IW2
ABCp ValueA+BCp Value
n=48n=49n=48n=97n=48
Fussing35 (−116–83)*30 (−156–87)†28 (−177–89)†0.73334 (−156–87)§28 (−177–89)†0.515
Crying39 (−7550–91)41 (−104–89)22 (−90–97)0.05040 (−7550–91)22 (−90–97)0.021
Colicky crying69 (−157–100)*81 (−37–100)†71 (−71–100)†0.36175 (−157–100)§71 (−71–100)†0.400
TC38 (−57–77)44 (−18–87)33 (−7–88)0.15141 (−57–87)33 (−7–88)0.068
 BL—FU
ABCp ValueA+BCp Value
n=47n=49n=48n=96n=48
Fussing35 (−96–96)¶34 (−150–97)†27 (−100–93)†0.59135 (−150–97)**27 (−100–93)†0.349
Crying42 (−12 150–100)56 (−305–97)35 (−109–100)0.23747 (−12 150 –100)35 (−109–100)0.202
Colicky crying89 (−161–100)¶96 (−140–100)†65 (−294–100)†0.03192 (−161–100)**65 (−294–100)†0.031
TC47 (−90–97)50 (−22–92)32 (−66–98)0.14249 (−90–97)32 (−66–98)0.067
  • Statistically significant p values (p≤0.05) are indicated by bold text. P values representing a statistical tendency towards significance (p=0.051–0.1) are italicised.

  • Data are presented as median (range).

  • *n=45.

  • †n=47.

  • ‡n=48.

  • §n=92.

  • ¶n=43.

  • **n=90.

  • BL, baseline; FU, follow-up; IW, intervention week; TC, total crying.