Table 1

Electrical stimulation threshold (EST) before (EST1) and after intervention or control period (EST2); mean of 3 trials each time

Intragroup comparisonControl groupTest groupSham group
Men: n677
Women: n655
Age: mean, years (SD)23.1 (±2.5)24.4 (±3.6)22.9 (±3.2)
EST1: mean, 100 (SD)18.8 (±11.2)18.2 (±13.7)17.5 (±8.8)
EST2: mean, 100 (SD)19.4 (±10.9)22.6 (±17.2)19.4 (±8.9)
(EST2/EST1)*100 (%)105.7 (±6.6)124.3 (±23.1)114.2 (±25.0)
p Value for change0.02350.00390.1294
Minimum change (%)96.896.888.9
Maximum change (%)117.0173.0174.1
Decreased % (n)3.01.04.0
Intergroup comparisonCG vs TGCG vs SGTG vs SG
p Value0.00790.58340.1749
  • Control group (CG): 30 min between the 2 measures Test group (TG): measures before and after traditional acupuncture Sham group (SG): measures before and after sham acupuncture.