Table 1

Baseline data for acupuncture (A) and sham acupuncture (B) groups

Baseline dataGroup AGroup B
Agen1615
Mean (years)5.95.8
SD2.42.2
SexMale1110
Female55
Cocker spaniel76
BreedToy poodle43
Others56
Before first treatment
Owner's VAS score,* mean44.245.8
SD8.26.7
Veterinarian VAS score, mean9.610.2
SD2.32.6
  • * Owner's VAS (0–10) score: sum of six symptoms measured by animal's owners; maximum score 60.

  • Veterinarian VAS (0–5) score: mean value of three clinical signs assessed by the veterinarian; maximum score 15.

  • VAS, visual analogous scale.