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Electroacupuncture reduces the dose of midazolam monitored by the bispectral index in critically ill patients with mechanical ventilation: an exploratory study

Abstract

Objective Electroacupuncture, a modern variation on a traditional Chinese treatment, might be useful for sedation and analgesia. This study aims to investigate whether electroacupuncture can modify the dose of midazolam monitored by the bispectral index (BIS) in critically ill patients with mechanical ventilation.

Methods Orotracheally intubated patients undergoing mechanical ventilation were randomly assigned into three groups (groups A, B and C). All patients were given an intravenous infusion of midazolam. Patients in group A received no additional treatment. Patients in group B were given acupuncture without electrical stimulation at acupuncture points GV24 and EX–HN3 (Yintang) for 6 h simultaneously, and patients in group C were given electroacupuncture to the same points as in group B.

Results Maintaining the BIS between 60 and 80, the hourly mean one dose of midazolam within the first 6 h after sedation in group C was 0.05 (±0.02 mg/kg per hour), which was significantly lower than both group A (0.08±0.03 mg/kg per hour, p<0.001) and group B (0.07±0.01 mg/kg per hour, p<0.021). The doses in groups A and B showed no significant difference. Between-group comparison analysis of hepatic and renal function and severe adverse reactions all showed no significant difference between the three groups.

Conclusions Electroacupuncture appears to reduce markedly the dose of sedative drug required in critically ill patients with mechanical ventilation monitored by BIS, without any obvious severe adverse action, and larger studies to confirm the effect are justified.

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Footnotes

  • Competing interests None.

  • Patient consent Obtained.

  • Ethics approval The study was conducted with approval of the Human Investigation Committee at the Medical College of Zhejiang University.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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